Rabies is a virus that rages around the world and is part of the Lyssavirus type. The virus is not that resistant and it will not stay in the environment for long. Rabies is neurotropic, which means that this disease will directly affect the dog’s nervous system.
The animal’s neurons will be disrupted, especially those that are directly related to the cardiac and respiratory systems. The rabid dog will then develop inflammation in the brain, more precisely called encephalitis, and eventually die.
There are two forms, a so-called “furious” form and a “paralytic” form.In the furious form, the animal is first of all taciturn, tends to hide, to make incessant back and forth. Then come hallucinations from which the animal howls. There is also violent itching, the dog is constantly scratching. The animal then becomes furious, it flees its house, attacks without reason animals or human beings.
The last phase is a phase of paralysis which begins with the hindquarters or the jaws. Breathing is difficult at the end of the illness. Death occurs on average 4-5 days after the onset of symptoms. In the paralytic form, paralysis occurs immediately and we speak of silent rage: the dog can no longer bark. He cannot bite due to paralysis of the jaws, drools profusely and can no longer swallow. Death occurs in 2-3 days by asphyxiation.
The rabies virus (genus Lyssavirus) is present in the saliva of the animal (dog, wild animal …) at the end of the disease. Transmission most often occurs after the bite by a contaminated animal, by scratching or even licking on the excoriated skin or on a mucous membrane. Human-to-human contamination is exceptional (organ transplants, transmission from mother to fetus).
–Rabies transmission between dogs:
Rabies will be transmitted to your dog by another infected animal. Particularly transmitted by bite. An infected animal may not appear after the typical symptoms of rabies, but it can still infect another animal.
Saliva contains a large amount of rabies virus, which is then injected into the other animal when bitten. You should also know that the transmission of this disease can also be by scratching or licking the skin with an infected animal. Cats are also carriers of this disease and can transmit it to your dog.
–What are the existing treatments to fight rabies?
Unfortunately, there is no treatment to fight the virus responsible for rabies. Once symptoms start to appear in dogs, be aware that vaccines and other rabies immunoglobulin’s will no longer work.
However, it is possible to minimize and delay the progression of the virus and therefore the onset of symptoms in the dog’s body by cleaning the wound. However, the best way to fight the disease is to act in “prevention” mode.
How to prevent rabies?
Prevention necessarily involves a vaccine against rabies, this is prevention. It is all the more essential (the legislation requires it in certain countries) if you live in an area where a case of rabies has already been reported, or if there are many wild animals that roam. You must also be demanding in this case, and avoid contact of your dog with stray and suspicious animals.
During the outings, keep it on a leash so that it does not go everywhere and increase the risk of contracting the disease. Get vaccinated too. There is therefore no alternative if you want to avoid him this excruciating pain at the risk of losing him, the solution is to vaccinate his dog against rabies.